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MINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND HIGHWAYS notifies Central Motor Vehicles (Twelfth Amendment) Rules, 2

Firstly The Motor Vehicles Act is an Act of Indian Parliament enacted in 1988 & commenced on 1st July, 1989. It extends to the whole of India, including the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir. This Act regulates all the aspects relating to motor vehicles such as registration, licensing, driving, controlling via permit of motor vehicles, special provisions for state transport undertakings, traffic regulation, insurance, liability, penalties, offences, etc.

The Motor Vehicles Amendment Rules, 2019 was brought to achieve the following objectives:

  1. To set up a Motor Vehicle Accident Fund for insurance cover for all road users of India for certain types of accidents like treatment for persons injured in road accidents, compensation to the representatives of the deceased who died in a hit & run motor accident & to such persons prescribed by the Central Govt.

  2. To ensure usage of technology to monitor & enforce road safety such as detecting traffic violations on all roads via CCTVs, speed cameras & guns, body wearable cameras, etc.

  3. For easy maintenance of National Register of Driving Licenses by the Central Govt , State Register of Driving Licenses by the state Govt & Integration Vehicle Database all over India so that it becomes easier when a person transfers from state to state

  4. Creation of National Road transport policy in concurrence with the State Govt.

Changes that occurred after this Rules was passed are as follows:

  1. A copy of the Aadhar card is to be mandatorily submitted to obtain a driving licence & to register a vehicle. This is also to encourage every Indian citizen to own an Aadhar card.

  2. If juveniles commit traffic violations, the registration of the vehicle in question shall stand cancelled & the juvenile shall be tried under Juvenile Justice Act

  3. The licensing authority may issue the learner’s license in electronic format in the manner prescribed by the Central Govt

  4. Empowering multi modial transport of passengers & goods.

  5. The Rules also provides for a National Road Safety Board which can be created by the Central Govt through a notification, which will advice the Central & State Governments on all aspects on road safety & traffic management

  6. The minimum educational qualification to obtain a driving license is now removed.

  7. It is mandatory to alter vehicles in such a way that it will be suitable for specially abled people

  8. Fine amount has been doubled for violating traffic rules.

Nardhana Ram

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